Normal Force

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Normal Force

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Assume a mass is dragged over a surface and experiences friction.


A tension force Ft has to be applied to overcome the amount of friction force Ff. The friction force will depend on the applied normal force as:


Ft = Fn * f(x,v,...);


where f is the friction function which depends on the displacement x, velocity v etc.


In most cases a normal force is available (disk breaks, surface friction, clutches etc.). Therefore all models in the 20-sim friction library are described with a normal force input. For those models that do not experience a normal force (bearings), a unity normal force Fn = 1 [N] is applied.